Required is a speech outline or manuscript in APA style using at least 4-6 scholarly sources. To deliver a successful persuasive speech, students must choose a suitable persuasive topic, develop it clearly and sufficiently with credible research, and incorporate effective visuals. A minimum of 4-6 scholarly sources must be used and cited during the speech in a manner that highlights each source’s credibility, such as “According to a 2015 report from the CDC”, as well as presented in a References page accompanying the manuscript or outline. Attached is an example to go by for reference.
Galen College of Nursing
Principles of Communication
Dr. Carrie Cook
October 13, 2019
Hello everyone, my name is Sara Harris and today, I am going to be discussing something that has affected so many and continues to be an issue,distracted driving.Coming from a strong family background of police officers, I have heard so many stories of distracted driving ending very badly. The impact of distracted driving affects so many, not just the people involved in the accident, but families, first responders, and bystanders. My goal today is to educate you on what distracted driving involves and what can be done to prevent accidents associated with distracted driving.
Distracted driving is driving while doing another activity which takes away your attention on driving (“Distracted driving,” 2019). This can be anything from talking or texting on your phone, eating or drinking, talking to others in the car, messing with the radio or navigation systems. This is something that I think everyone is guilty of doing at some time or another.I will admit that there are times that I am not giving my entire attention to driving, whether that be yelling at my kids in backseat, talking on the phone, even using a handsfree system, or sadly texting. Yes, I have sent text messages and read text messages while driving and I am not proud of it. Driving requires our complete attention, and anything less than that can greatly increase your risk of crashing.
There are 3 main types of distractions: visual, manual, and cognitive (“Distracted driving,” 2019). Visual distractions include taking your eyes off the road, manual distractions includes taking your hands off the wheel, and cognitive distractions includes taking your mind off of driving (“Distracted driving,” 2019). Texting involves all three of these distractions. According to research, people are as impaired when they drive and talk on a cell phone as they are when they drive intoxicated at the legal blood-alcohol limit of 0.08% (“What is Distracted Driving?,” n.d.).
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 3,166 people were killed by distracted driving in 2017, that’s 8.5 percent of the total fatalities for the entire year (“The Dangers of Distracted Driving,” 2019). The Center for Disease Control and Prevention,or the CDC,report that approximately 9 people are killed each day and more than 1,000 are injured in crashes that involve a distracted driver (“Distracted driving,” 2019). These statistics are unfortunately not improving but continuing to grow.
Teens are reported at being the highest risk for texting-related accidents (Soltan, n.d.). According to the CDC, in 2017, 9 percent of all teen motor vehicle crash deaths involved distracted driving (“Distracted driving,” 2019). While there is no national ban on texting or using your cellphone while driving, many states have passed laws banning this activity (“The Dangers of Distracted Driving,” 2019). The penalties in some states for texting and driving could include: a fine, having your license suspended, increased insurance costs, and even a prison sentence when an injury or death is involved (“Texting and Driving Laws and Fines by State,” n.d.). Law enforcement is cracking down on this, but is there something else we can do to prevent these statistics from continuing to grow?
We can all take a stand and make a difference to reduce the accidents associated with distracted driving. We need to make sure that new drivers are made aware of the dangers of distracted driving and give them clear instructions not to use their devices while driving. As we are telling others not to be a distracted driver, we need to also practice this. Keep your cellphone tucked away where it will not be a distraction, turn the sound off, and if you need to use the device pull over. The quick text message or phone call is not as important as your life, your family’s life, or someone else’s. So, next time you are in the car and you need to send a quick text or make a quick phone call or even eat something while you are driving, please think about the consequences. I promise you it can wait.
Distracted driving. (2019). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/motorvehiclesafety/distracted_driving/index.html
Distracted driving. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.nhtsa.gov/risky-driving/distracted-driving
Soltan, L. (n.d.). Digital responsibility. Retrieved from http://www.digitalresponsibility.org/risks-of-texting-while-driving
Texting and driving laws and fines by state. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.idrivesafely.com/defensive-driving/trending/texting-and-driving-laws-and-fines-state
The dangers of distracted driving. (2019). Retrieved from https://www.fcc.gov/consumers/guides/dangers-texting-while-driving
What is distracted driving. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.enddd.org/the-facts-about-distracted-driving/
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