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Please reply to other students responses of the discussion.

First, What is “traditionalism” and how does it work against the objectives of capitalism according to Weber? What must laborers believe in order to fulfill the objectives of capitalism? Think about your own beliefs and motivations. Imagine that you have a job that allows you to live comfortably. The company for which you work changes policies, so that you will now be paid for your productivity. You have two options: 1. You could work more hours in a day, produce as much as possible, and earn more money or 2. You could work fewer hours to make the same amount of money you were making previously and go home for the day once you reach that amount. What would you choose and why? What belief system does your choice reflect according to Weber?
Student response: Traditionalism, according to Weber, is when an individual is more accustomed to their usual way of life and seeks to continue to live in this manner rather than improve it. Hence, it poses an obstacle to the objectives of capitalism in increasing productivity of work by increasing its intensity because laborers would rather “live as [they are] accustomed to live and to earn as much as is necessary for that purpose” (Weber, 9). In order to fulfill the objectives of capitalism, it is necessary for laborers to believe that their work is a calling that they are obliged to carry out. However, such a thought process can “only be the product of a long and arduous process of education” (Weber, 10).

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If the company I worked for rewarded those who were more productive, I would most likely work more hours in a day to earn more because in present times, with the education I am receiving, I am most likely to be working in a field that I am interested in. This reflects Weber’s idea of “labor as an end in itself” (Weber, 10). However, I ask the following question: how many people in the present have sought after their “calling” only to realize later that their idealization of their “calling” was warped by the perception of society and those around them?

What factors influenced the creation of the Church of England (Anglican Church)? When England became Anglican, how did religious authority shift? What were three effects of this change to the Church of England? We’ve seen other examples in this class of the ways political interests and religious interests intertwine. Compare and contrast the creation of the Church of England with another example of an event that involved both religious and political interests.
student response: The Church of England, or the Anglican Church, came about when Henry VIII became Protestant after the pope would not grant him divorce from Catherine. Henry VIII really wanted a boy who would then take over as king, but Catherine was at the age where she could no longer have kids, so Henry wanted nothing to do with her. In order to divorce her, Henry VIII declared himself the leader of the church. Thus, religious authority shifted from being in the hands of the pope to the monarch. One effect of this change, was that all property of the Catholic Church was confiscated, as well as the wealth, and were all given to Henry VIII. Another effect is that the monarch was now given the authority to appoint bishops, and other church leaders. Another effect, is that after Mary took power of the throne, she converted England back to Catholicism, gave the power back to the pope, and executed all those who did not want to convert to Catholicism. However, once Elizabeth was in the thrown, she reverted England back to Protestantism.

Another event that involved both religious and political interests were The Crusades. The religious interest was to recapture the holy land from the Muslims. The political interest was to give the power back to the pope. It also led to an interest in travel and an improvement in transportation (History Channel). The major difference between the Crusades and the Church of England was who the power was given to. For the crusades, it was the pope, and for the Church of England was to the monarch, making them quite opposites.

A question I am left with is; did the constant change of England being Catholic, then Protestant, then Catholic again, and then finally Protestant, affect the spirituality of the people?

Please react to these two posts base on the following principles
Please scroll and contribute at least 2 responses to your peers on this discussion board. Each post will be given points for the following:

1) adequate length (approximately 150 words)

2) clarity and good writing

3) addressing the original prompt and the student response

4) including an in-text citation (to either assigned or extra material must use a proper citation format) – The citation should come from course readings, films, or outside sources (Prof Douglas’s lessons don’t count).

Example (author, page number)

5) including a question you are left with after reading your peers’ response

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