Has the general topic I have chosen and 8 sources I have chosen. Requirements: A Research Project is a piece of academic scholarship that requires a critical level of innovative inquiry. You must take a debatable position in relation to your topic. Come up with that position by asking an important open-ended question about the topic (remember, your question may emerge and become more focused as you perform your research). For example, based on all of the articles we read about Democracy in South Africa, we might ask this question: Given these problems, what could citizens do to address them and restore Mandela’s vision? Obviously, this question evokes different answers, and, thus, is open to debate. A less productive question would be: How did South Africa make the transition into genuine democracy? This question tends to reduce your response to a simple “report” or “history” of facts. While you might be able to stir up debate with your answer, you would more likely succumb to mere reporting. Therefore, your most important priority is to pose a provocative and focused question: your position on this question must be arguable, researchable, and appropriate for a 2000 word analysis.
Your topic must relate to Africa and African life.
Use the ideas in your sources judiciously and meaningfully to either support or
provide context for your own ideas or so you can refute them.
Keep the mortal sin of PLAGIARISM in mind as you work—cite appropriately!
Put your Project into MLA formatting, and use Super MLA when appropriate.
Remember: a summary of the existing body of knowledge on a topic—does not constitute a successful Research Project!
Sources: (these are negotiable so talk to me if you encounter problems!)
As mentioned above, you must incorporate at least eight sources into your analysis to pass. You must quote directly from at least five these sources using Super MLA formatting (you may quote more often if you wish). Include a Works Cited section in MLA format at the end (you will not need to annotate this version of your WC).
You must use at least two articles from academic, scholarly journals (print or electronic). Find a topic and ask a question that inspires scholarly discussion.
Use one reference source (not Wikipedia!).
Find one recently published, relevant book (hopefully within the last 5 years).
You must use four periodical publications—substantial articles from reputable
sources, such as National Geographic, The Atlantic, The New Yorker,
Smithsonian, Scientific American, etc.
Supplementary sources might include videos, documentaries, TED talks, etc.
29 May, 2020
An Overview of Environmental Issues in Africa
My final project will be exploring the varying environmental issues in Africa. I will be addressing the different areas of concern such as water system vulnerability, agriculture and poverty and how policy and governance will simultaneously respond as these issues evolve. This issue is important because it is something that affects everything. Climate change as a single complicated issue impacts every area of concern within human rights, economics, environmental sciences and ethics, and animal rights. Furthermore, the solutions to these issues all affect each other accordingly and require intersectionality and responsible development in order for these issues to subside.
Abernethy, Katharine, et al. “Environmental Issues in Central Africa.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources, vol. 41, no. 1, Oct. 2016, pp. 1–33, doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-110615-085415.
Banerjee, Neela. “Global Action Postponed on Climate Change.” Los Angeles Times, vol. 0, no. 0, Los Angeles Times, 12 Dec. 2011.
Busby, Joshua W., et al. “Climate Change and Insecurity: Mapping Vulnerability in Africa.” International Security, vol. 37, no. 4, MIT Press, Apr. 2013, pp. 132–72, doi:10.1162/ISEC_a_00116.
Calzadilla, Alvaro, et al. “Economywide Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa.” Ecological Economics, vol. 93, Elsevier B.V., Sept. 2013.
Davies, T. C. “Geoscientific and Environmental Health Issues in Africa.” International Geology Review: Earth Materials and Health: A Global View, vol. 52, no. 7-8, Taylor & Francis, May 2010, pp. 873–97, doi:10.1080/00206811003679869.
Howard-Clinton, Edward. “The Emerging Concepts of Environmental Issues in Africa.” Environmental Management, vol. 8, no. 3, Springer-Verlag, May 1984, pp. 187–90, doi:10.1007/BF01866959.
Pettinotti, Laetitia, et al. Benefits from Water Related Ecosystem Services in Africa and Climate Change. 2018, doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.03.021.
United Nations Environment Programme. Africa Water Atlas. United Nations Environment Program, 2010. pp. 174-271.
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