Take a debatable position about environmentalism in Africa Assignment | College Homework Help

Has the general topic I have chosen and 8 sources I have chosen. Requirements: A Research Project is a piece of academic scholarship that requires a critical level of innovative inquiry. You must take a debatable position in relation to your topic. Come up with that position by asking an important open-ended question about the topic (remember, your question may emerge and become more focused as you perform your research). For example, based on all of the articles we read about Democracy in South Africa, we might ask this question: Given these problems, what could citizens do to address them and restore Mandela’s vision? Obviously, this question evokes different answers, and, thus, is open to debate. A less productive question would be: How did South Africa make the transition into genuine democracy? This question tends to reduce your response to a simple “report” or “history” of facts. While you might be able to stir up debate with your answer, you would more likely succumb to mere reporting. Therefore, your most important priority is to pose a provocative and focused question: your position on this question must be arguable, researchable, and appropriate for a 2000 word analysis.
 Your topic must relate to Africa and African life.
 Use the ideas in your sources judiciously and meaningfully to either support or
provide context for your own ideas or so you can refute them.
 Keep the mortal sin of PLAGIARISM in mind as you work—cite appropriately!
 Put your Project into MLA formatting, and use Super MLA when appropriate.
 Remember: a summary of the existing body of knowledge on a topic—does not constitute a successful Research Project!
Sources: (these are negotiable so talk to me if you encounter problems!)
As mentioned above, you must incorporate at least eight sources into your analysis to pass. You must quote directly from at least five these sources using Super MLA formatting (you may quote more often if you wish). Include a Works Cited section in MLA format at the end (you will not need to annotate this version of your WC).
 You must use at least two articles from academic, scholarly journals (print or electronic). Find a topic and ask a question that inspires scholarly discussion.
 Use one reference source (not Wikipedia!).
 Find one recently published, relevant book (hopefully within the last 5 years).
 You must use four periodical publications—substantial articles from reputable
sources, such as National Geographic, The Atlantic, The New Yorker,
Smithsonian, Scientific American, etc.
 Supplementary sources might include videos, documentaries, TED talks, etc.

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29 May, 2020

An Overview of Environmental Issues in Africa

My final project will be exploring the varying environmental issues in Africa. I will be addressing the different areas of concern such as water system vulnerability, agriculture and poverty and how policy and governance will simultaneously respond as these issues evolve. This issue is important because it is something that affects everything. Climate change as a single complicated issue impacts every area of concern within human rights, economics, environmental sciences and ethics, and animal rights. Furthermore, the solutions to these issues all affect each other accordingly and require intersectionality and responsible development in order for these issues to subside.



Works Cited

Abernethy, Katharine, et al. “Environmental Issues in Central Africa.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources, vol. 41, no. 1, Oct. 2016, pp. 1–33, doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-110615-085415.

  • This article comes from an academic journal. It highlights the importance of the Central African Forest as a key resource towards global environmental health. This includes impacts such as carbon sinking and storage, affects weather patterns across Africa, and safeguard unique species and biodiverse communities. The rainforest’s possible evolution is assessed based on human population growth, climate change and human activity within the region and the Anthropocene race for wealth and energy.

Banerjee, Neela. “Global Action Postponed on Climate Change.” Los Angeles Times, vol. 0, no. 0, Los Angeles Times, 12 Dec. 2011.

  • This article comes from a newspaper. It explores the global impact and influence of solutions for climate change in Africa and internationally. Global leaders have been found to come together to create last minute agreements to avoid the collapse of international negotiations regarding climate change. This action exemplifies the international attitude towards climate change: Putting low effort, last minute deals together and doing little to reduce long term greenhouse gas emissions.

Busby, Joshua W., et al. “Climate Change and Insecurity: Mapping Vulnerability in Africa.” International Security, vol. 37, no. 4, MIT Press, Apr. 2013, pp. 132–72, doi:10.1162/ISEC_a_00116.

  • This article comes from an academic journal. This article addresses the aftermath of extreme weather events as a result of climate change, and the security concerns that would result from that. Hazards will put a large number of people at risk of death, which will require military intervention for humanitarian relief. In addition, marginalized people will have a lack of access to resources and infrastructure. Africa is determined to be one of the most vulnerable continents to climate change, due to its unique environmental structure and political and economic insecurity.

Calzadilla, Alvaro, et al. “Economywide Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa.” Ecological Economics, vol. 93, Elsevier B.V., Sept. 2013.

  • This article comes from a scientific journal. It analyzes the impacts of climate change in Sub-Saharan Africa, using two adaptation scenarios to determine these impacts and analyse them under the SRES B2 scenario. The idea of climate based environmental changes in different regions is explored, changing advantages and productivity of these areas and creating agricultural impacts internationally. Emphasis is placed on the growth of agricultural productivity as a key factor in improving the impacts of climate change and aiding child malnutrition. Ultimately, it is decided that policy changes should focus on improving agricultural productivity.

Davies, T. C. “Geoscientific and Environmental Health Issues in Africa.” International Geology Review: Earth Materials and Health: A Global View, vol. 52, no. 7-8, Taylor & Francis, May 2010, pp. 873–97, doi:10.1080/00206811003679869.

  • This article comes from a scientific journal. It highlights some of the contemporary environmental challenges in Africa and advocates for the involvement of geoscience as a necessary element for a solution. The diversity and unique resources in the African ecosystems must be protected from exploitation. Performing a continent wide review of the situation and employing geoscientists studying African solutions would bring progress towards developing sustainably and protecting the environment.

Howard-Clinton, Edward. “The Emerging Concepts of Environmental Issues in Africa.” Environmental Management, vol. 8, no. 3, Springer-Verlag, May 1984, pp. 187–90, doi:10.1007/BF01866959.

  • This article comes from an academic journal. It emerges and identifies some of the environmental public policy issues in Africa. In doing so, the article aims to promote the building of institutions and environmental infrastructure. Emphasis is placed on conceptual framework as a method for addressing the African human environment.

Pettinotti, Laetitia, et al. Benefits from Water Related Ecosystem Services in Africa and Climate Change. 2018, doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.03.021.

  • This article comes from a scientific journal. It includes a study that examines monetary estimates for water related ecosystem service benefits in the African continent. A meta-analysis of data is conducted and factors such as service type, biome and other socioeconomic variables are examined to determine their benefit to water related services. This is to determine and understand the importance of these water ecosystems in Africa, emphasizing their vulnerability and capacity.

United Nations Environment Programme. Africa Water Atlas. United Nations Environment Program, 2010. pp. 174-271.

  • This source comes from a book. This portion of the book assesses the challenge of managing Africa’s water under the impacts of global climate change. Since global warming patterns in Africa are consistent with those internationally, they are affected more so by drought, flooding and inconsistent rainfall due to their environmental structure. The constraints and opportunities within the context of this issue are addressed, and they argue that the reinforcement of traditional adaptation mechanisms and introducing more reliable systems will aid the challenge, along with other discussed solutions.
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