Write the name of the organizational pattern best suited to a speech on the following topics (refer to chapter 8 for information on organizational patterns).
In addition to listing the organizational pattern, give three main points that might be used to develop the topic. Remember to choose main points that match the organizational pattern selected.
1. A demonstration speech that explains how to change a tire.
2. A speech about violence on children’s television.
3. A speech about teenage pregnancy.
4. A speech about multicultural education.
5. A speech about how to pack for a camping trip.
Chapter 8Outlining and Organizing SpeechesChapter 8Outlining and Organizing Speeches
ClarityWhy Does Speech Organization Matter?
Why Does Speech Organization Matter?Credibility
Four Criteria for Effective OutliningFour Criteria for Effective Outlining
Division Requires a Minimum of Two Points Bad example:I. The “stand your ground” law is harmful. A. The Trayvon Martin murder case proves this. Good example:I. The “stand your ground” law is harmful. A. Studies from the CDC show it can be misused with lethal results. B. The Trayvon Martin case proves the harm.Division Requires a Minimum of Two PointsBad example:I. The “stand your ground” law is harmful. A. The Trayvon Martin murder case proves this.Good example:I. The “stand your ground” law is harmful. A. Studies from the CDC show it can be misused with lethal results. B. The Trayvon Martin case proves the harm.
Coherence Requires Logical ConsistencyBad example:Purpose statement: To create awareness of addiction to social media.I.Social media are here to stay.II.Social media are used by most people between the ages of 12 and 25.III.Social media are fun to use.
Coherence Requires Logical ConsistencyGood example:Purpose statement: To argue that addiction to social media does not exist.I.Frequent use of social media is not comparable to any other psychiatric disorder.II.Frequent, daily face-to-face communication would not be called an addiction.III.Social media merely provide means to communicate when face-to-face communication is not accessible.Coherence Requires Logical ConsistencyGood example:Purpose statement: To argue that addiction to social media does not exist.I.Frequent use of social media is not comparable to any other psychiatric disorder.II.Frequent, daily face-to-face communication would not be called an addiction.III.Social media merely provide means to communicate when face-to-face communication is not accessible.
Completeness Requires Full SentencesBad example:Purpose Statement: To discuss social media. (Too vague)I.BlogsII.FacebookIII.TwitterIV.YouTube
Completeness Requires Full SentencesGood example (use full sentences):Purpose Statement: To explain the significant influence of social media.I.Blogging sites made the Internet more interactive.II.Facebook introduced massive technologically mediated social interaction.III.Twitter became an instrument of social and political revolution.IV.YouTube changed entertainment and education.
Balance Requires Substantial DevelopmentBad example: Uneven development of main points.Purpose Statement: To show that dogs make good pets.II.Dogs Are LoyalA.They are happy to see youI.Dogs Can Be TrainedA.They can fetchB.They can come when calledC.They can learn tricksD.They can be service dogs
Balance Requires Substantial DevelopmentGood example: Relatively even development of main pointsPurpose Statement: To show that dogs make good pets.II.Dogs Are LoyalA.They are happy to see youB.They defend youC.They sleep with youI.Dogs Can Be TrainedA.They can come when calledB.They can learn tricksC.They can be service dogs
Patterns of Speech Organization
Organization Can Be TopicalWind PowerSolar PowerGeothermal Power
Organization Can Be TopicalPurpose Statement: To explore the potential of alternative energy sources as a substitute for fossil fuels.I.Wind power is a viable alternative. II.Solar power has already become a widespread source. III.Geothermal is still in its infancy as an energy source.
Organization Can Be ChronologicalPurpose Statement: To provide a brief history of the civil rights movement in America.I.The early period began with the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation. II.The rise of Jim Crow laws in the South was a significant setback. III.The 1954 Brown Supreme Court decision was critical.IV.Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech was a pivotal moment.Emancipation ProclamationEmancipation ProclamationJim Crow LawsEmancipation ProclamationJim Crow LawsBrown Supreme Court DecisionEmancipation ProclamationJim Crow LawsBrownSupreme Court Decision”I Have a Dream” Speech
Organization Can Be SpatialPurpose Statement: To inform you about the four layers of the atmosphere closest to the Earth.I.The first layer is called the troposphere.II.The stratosphere is the next layer.III. The mesosphere is the coldest layer.IV. The thermosphereis known as the upperatmosphere.
Organization Can Be CausalPurpose Statement: To identify the causes of suicides.I.Depression is the #1 cause.II.Psychosis, those malevolent inner voices, is a significant second cause.III.Substance abuse can also be a significant cause.IV.Terminal illness, the desire to end one’s agony, is a notable cause as well.
Organization Can Be Problem-Solution
Organization Can Be Problem-SolutionPurpose Statement: To argue for improvements in campus parking.I.Campus parking is an increasingly significant problem.II.There are several potential solutions.
ProblemOrganization Can Be Problem-Cause-SolutionSolutionCause
Organization Can Be Problem-Cause-SolutionPurpose Statement: To encourage anyone with sleep deprivation to shut off all electronic devices.I.Sleep deprivation is a national crisis.II.The enticement of electronic devices is a major cause of sleep deprivation.III.Declare a moratorium on all uses of electronic devices at least one hour before bedtime.
Organization Can Be Comparative AdvantagesPurpose Statement: To argue that community colleges offer advantages over four-year colleges for first- and second-year students.I.They are far less expensive.II.Professors emphasize teaching, not research.III.The best professors teach first- and second-year students, unlike at most four-year colleges.
Organization Can Be Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
Organization Can Be Monroe’s Motivated SequencePurpose Statement: To advocate increased regulation of our food production.I.Attention step: Personal story of harm/death of friend or family member afflicted with foodborne illness.II.Need step: 48 million Americans get sick from foodborne illnesses each year; 128,00 are hospitalized and 3,000 die (CDC).III.Satisfaction step: Increased regulation by the Food and Drug Administration would substantially reduce this epidemic.IV.Visualization step: Imagine not having to worry every time you buy food in a grocery store that it might be contaminated with a deadly bacterium.V.Action step: Sign this online petition to influence Congress to tighten regulation of the food industry.
Organization Can Be Narrative
Organization Can Be NarrativePurpose Statement: To explain the influence of Otis Blackwell on the music industry.I.Blackwell’s formative years affected his musical choices.II.Numerous legendary singers popularized Blackwell’s songs.III.Blackwell won numerous awards.
Preparation Outlines Differ from Presentation OutlinesPreparationPresentationPreparation OutlineI.Texting while driving is extremely dangerous.A.Texting while driving is distracting.B.Severe accidents, injuries, and even deaths result from texting while driving.Presentation OutlineI.Texting dangerousA.DistractingB.Accidents, injuries, death
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