Discuss the Assessment Criteria that most highlight your skills and development as a writer.
Describe assignments that demonstrate your accomplishments, growth, and/or struggles. This means that you should “quote” and summarize from your own assignments.
Make it easy for your reader to see how your essay writing has developed over the course of English 12. No one expects you to be “perfect” by the end of the course; instead we value evidence of your growth.
This assignment should be a focused, cohesive piece of writing in which you argue for your development as a writer and reader in English 12.
Unlike Essays 1 and 2, you write this assignment independently, with feedback from your peers. If you would like my guidance, set up an appointment to meet with me and post it to this week’s Discussion forum. Your classmates and I will give you some advice there.
Assessment Criteria: Your essays . . .
Focus on, support, and explore the implications of an argument
Demonstrate critical thinking and analysis.
Illustrate how your thinking has been influenced by reading.
Present overall organization and structure, within paragraphs and through the assignment.
Incorporate independent research in at least one essay.
Incorporate direct quotations, summary, and paraphrase.
Demonstrate basic mechanical correctness.
Respond to the assignment given by the classroom instructor.
Highlight development and growth from draft to draft and essay to essay.
Draw from the Informal Writing assignments that ask you to reflect on your writing process. You have written a lot already! Use it, but make it fit. Don’t just dump in old assignments.
Quote from your own drafts, for example, to show how your argument improved over time.
Refer to the Assessment Criteria. Again, give an example of how you improved in at least one element from draft to draft.
Advocate for yourself. Be confident as you explain why you are ready to move on to English 24.
Use Grammarly to proofread.
4 April 2020
Thief or Lucky
When I was on vacation in Egypt, I saw one of the interesting ways of earning money from the local population. Early in the morning, locals with a metal detector go to the sea on the beach and look for valuable goods left by visitors from all over the world and collect it. Having traveled the whole beach, they usually judge by the frequency signal of the detector and their heavy bags find a lot of lost things, then they hang up an advertisement that says if you have lost something on the beach, call this number, describe what is lost in the smallest details and we will refund you. Well, those things for which the owners do not return are left in the hands of those who found them, and they either keep it for themselves or sell them. And as I found out, local authorities do not consider this theft, but rather encourage it, because they themselves do not climb in the sand with metal detectors, but whoever turns to them for lost things is sent to morning walkers. What does the US government think about this, especially New York? If you rely on the law “Under Section 252 of New York personal property law, any person who finds an item worth $20 or more has 10 days to return it to the owner or report it to the authorities. Fail to do so, and you face a maximum fine of $100 and up to six months in prison” (Belluck). Based on this, I think any small sum found and appropriated to myself is not worth what I can expect in return for such an offense, even if from a moral point I can justify myself.
Based on “I Found $90 in the Subway. Is It Yours?” By Niraj Chokshi New York Times Jan. 24, 2019 I believe that the author did such a great job in finding a person who lost $ 90. The author found money in the subway without the owner and was confused by the question “What are you supposed to do with the money that isn’t yours?” (Chokshi). He decided to share this issue with a large audience in one of the most famous journals New York Times and explain for others who are in a similar situation what they are supposed to do and if possible, find the owner of this money. He uses in his passage describing this problem with philosophical conceptions. The author gives three different approaches and statements of famous philosophers. The first example of Kant who thought, I should return the money because it is my moral duty to do so. Another example from John Stuart Mill who worries more about consequences, and said “What will happen if I return the money?” And the last one is Aristotle and Confucius who thought most important “neither out of duty nor fear of consequences, but a sense of what is right” for them. Final thoughts about all these approaches was Andrew L. McFarland, a professor of philosophy at LaGuardia Community College in Queens. He said these approaches only offer guidance on how to think about a problem, “Ultimately, you’ve got to figure out what you’re going to do on your own.” (McFarland)
The YouTube video by Jason Miller, director, “Deontology vs. Utilitarianism.” explain the difference between Utilitarianism and Deontology. And shows one story when father was in a hospital checking on his son, and the doctor tells father, unfortunately, your son has a positive result for very bad disease and he needs expensive drugs for healing him or he can die. But the father doesn’t have enough money for these drugs and when the doctor went outside the room, the father has the choice to take necessary drugs from the doctor’s table and save a life for his son or do not commit a crime and look for other unlikely ways to save his son’s life. Kant of course, speaks well of duty and that in no case should one steal something even with good intentions, otherwise, everyone will do so. But in this case, we are talking about a father whose son is mortally ill and a lot of money lies on the path to his recovery. In some countries, a crime committed in a state of affection softens the punishment, and here we are talking about a father who I’m sure is paralyzed by the thought that his son will die without treatment and if he acts as a decent law-abiding citizen, then most likely he will cry a lot. Of course, it is easy to talk about how to do the right thing but thank God I was not in a similar situation and therefore I cannot imagine what the father of a sick child is experiencing. But no matter what choice he makes, it is not for me to judge him, for this the justice system was invented. I would understand the act of the father whatever he chooses.
Based on the foregoing, I give priority to Utilitarianism. “This refers to a tradition in ethical theory that links rightness to happiness” which says moral decisions should be based on the outcome that will provide the most happiness as a whole (Hoffman 646-647). Consequences matter. I consider the controversial idea of Deontology based on moral decisions should be on your duty, which could be determined, for example, by religion, society, or reason. Believing that we should not worry about consequences and we should just do what we are supposed to do, as for me it is soulless and more suitable for robots than for living people. Every time when I am hearing about blind duty, I remember our world history. Especially 1939-1945 years when the Germans are blindly guided by orders from above. Millions of people were killed and tortured just because they were Jews or Gypsies. Nobody cared about the consequences for their actions, justifying their atrocious duty to Hitler and the homeland. In my opinion, the consequences of our actions are significantly more important than our duty. Utilitarianism’s approach is more suitable for me.
In the New York Times article “Would You Return This Lost Wallet?” by Pam Belluck, I found interesting fresh researching information about how people in different countries from Mexico to Switzerland and from Russia to the USA react to a lost wallet with cash and ID the owner. 40 countries were eventually analyzed, with the amount spent on this study $600,000. As for me with such a large-scale approach and a lot of money invested in this research data should be considered. The result of the research was incredible! People are more likely to return lost wallets containing money. And the more money, the better the chances people will return it. Also, an interesting fact was found in this study, countries showed different rates of reporting lost wallets. Countries with high wallet-return rates according to Jonathan Schulz, an economics researcher at Harvard, “Have very open societies, high mobility, people are not living with their families,” he said. “Countries at the bottom, like Kazakhstan, United Arab Emirates, Indonesia, have a very strong in-group morality — it might even be immoral to return the wallet instead of giving the money to your family.” Another scientist of this research Dr. Mazar said “altruistic results underscore people’s concerns about self-image. Taking the money and returning the wallet would make you equally bad, or actually worse, she said. “There’s no way you can convince yourself that you are a moral person.” (1) I guess most people based their actions on their morality. I was delighted with the results of this study. Most people act according to their conscience and this is good for us. Since future generations will live on this earth. And we can teach and show them a good example.
Finally, once when I was in the subway during rush hour, I was in a hurry for the just-arrived train, I ran through the turnstiles in the subway. My phone was in my jeans pocket. And now I hear someone screaming after me several times, I nevertheless stopped right in front of the open door and turned around on a voice calling as it seemed to me in my direction. Young guy American African appearance called me holding my phone. I was incredibly happy because I bought it just a few weeks ago. Based on self-experience I know how good when you get back what you lost and I think we must in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you.
Belluck, Pam. “Would You Return This Lost Wallet?” New York Times. The New York
Times. 20 June 2019, www.nytimes.com/2019/06/20/science/lost-wallet-what-to-do.html.
Chokshi, Niraj. “I Found $90 in the Subway. Is It Yours?” New York Times, The New
York Times, 24 Jan. 2019, www.nytimes.com/2019/01/24/nyregion/i-found-money-what-to-do.html.
Chokshi, Niraj. “I Found $90 in the Subway Last Week and Can’t Find the Owner. Now
What?” New York Times, The New York Times, 1 Feb. 2019, https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/01/reader-center/found-money-donate.html.
Hoffman, John. “Utilitarianism.” The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology, edited by Bryan
Miller, Jason, director. “Deontology vs. Utilitarianism.” YouTube, 23 Apr. 2013,
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