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Review and comment on the discussion question responses posted by at least two of your peers. Always use constructive language. All comments should be posted to the appropriate topic in this Discussion Area.

Reply week 5

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Student 1. Cry Ha

  1. How effective are anti-depressive medications on anxiety and depression? Identify the dependent and independent variables The dependent variable in this study is the measure of depression/anxiety. The independent variable would be the medication given for anxiety/depression. Identify an appropriate research design Experimental Research Design would be appropriate for this study. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the design Some strengths in the experimental research design would be that the researchers have control over the variables. The independent variables are the different medications that are used for anxiety/depression. There are several different medications for depression and anxiety. It is difficult to predict which medication will work for which patient (Rutherford, 2015). Typically, the PCP will start off with a medication that have less side effects (Rutherford, 2015). If it doesn’t help as much as expected, it’s possible to switch to a different medication. Sometimes a number of different drugs have to be tried out before you find one that works. So being able to change the variable (medication)in this experiment may lead to more positive outcomes with effectiveness. Another strength to this design is that is can be used to determine which medication works best for the majority of the population. Some disadvantages to the Experimental Research design are human responses can be difficult to measure, personal bias of researcher may intrude, and humans are always subject to error. The researchers may or may not be able to determine if the subject’s anxiety/depression has improved; therefore, results may be bias. Provide a rationale for the design you selected ‘ I chose the Experimental design due to the effectiveness of medication on depression/anxiety is a trial and error process. Each person may have to try several different types of medications to see which one works best for them. For patients of 70 years and older, how effective is the use of the influenza vaccine at preventing flu as compared to patients who have not received the vaccine? Identify the dependent and independent variables The independent variable would indicate if the patient received the flu shot or not. The dependent variable will show if the flu vaccine is effective for patients over 70. Identify an appropriate research design The best research design is to use a quantitative design by using experiments. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the design The strengths of using this design is that it will provide the researcher with the control, it can be duplicated, and the conclusion will be specific. The research will show the quantitative value of the effectiveness of the flu vaccine administered people over 70. Provide a rationale for the design you selected I chose the Experimental design because it shows cause and effect. One group of people over 70 will be given the flu shot and the other group will not receive the flu shot. The results will then be compared to see if the flu shot was effective for the adults over 70 years old.


Rutherford, B. R., Bailey, V. S., Schneier, F. R., Pott, E., Brown, P. J., & Roose, S. P. (2015). INFLUENCE OF STUDY DESIGN ON TREATMENT RESPONSE IN ANXIETY DISORDER CLINICAL TRIALS. Depression and anxiety, 32(12), 944–957.

Student 2. LeGra

For patients 70 years and older, how effective is the use of the influenza vaccine at preventing flu as compared to patients who have not received the vaccine?

Research design: This would be a quantitative study.

Independent variable:  Administration of the flu vaccine.

Dependent variable: Subjects who contracted the flu.

Strengths of design: Control over the independent variable as the researcher controls who receives the flu vaccine.

Weaknesses of design: There are multiple strands of influenza virus, not all covered by the standard flu vaccine.

Rationale for the design selected: This is a quantitative study because all three essential elements (presuming subject selection was randomized) are met with this study: Researcher-controlled manipulation of the independent variable; presence of a distinct control group; random assignment of subjects to either the experimental or control groups (Grey, Grove, & Sutherland, 2017). Additionally, numerical data will be collected and analyzed with this study.


What is the difference in attitudes of male and female college students towards condoms?

Research design: This would be a qualitative study.

Independent variable: Not applicable in qualitative research.

Dependent variable: Not applicable in qualitative research.

Strengths of design: Data can be collected utilizing a survey or questionnaire, allowing for additional and sometimes unexpected data to be collected (Grey et al., 2017).

Weaknesses of design: Data collection of personal opinions and personal experiences regarding sensitive topics may cause some individuals to be dishonest in their answers for fear of being judged or looked down upon by the interviewer.

Rationale for the design selected: This is a qualitative study because participants are being interviewed or surveyed about their personal feelings about a topic and there is no numerical data to collect. Multiple perspectives about a phenomenon of interest, from subjects whom have personally experienced the phenomenon, are essential to qualitative research (Wu, Thompson, Aroian, McQuaid, & Deatrick, 2016).




Grey, J. R., Grove, S. K., & Sutherland, S. (2017). Burns and Grove’s the practice of nursing research: Appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence (8th ed.) St. Louis, MO: Elsevier

Wu, Y. P., Thompson, D., Aroian, K. J., McQuaid, E. L., & Deatrick, J. A. (2016). Commentray: Writing and evaluating qualitative research reports. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 41, 493-505.

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Reply week 5

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