Public Health Program Planning & Evaluation: Community Partners, Resources and Budget Assignment | Professional Essay Writers

My program topic is Childhood Obesity Prevention in the city of Miami, Florida.
Please see attached documents for the program Introduction, Goals, Process, Impact, Mission, and Objectives, and multi-strategy intervention.

1. Based on the program you selected to do, list a minimum of 5 different community agencies that would be invited to participate in the planning process and the rationale for including them.

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2. Based on the program you selected to develop, identify and describe the resources you feel you will need to successfully carry out the program. Answer the following questions:

–What personnel will be needed to carry out the program? List the individual job titles and the duties to be carried out.

–Identify any existing curriculum or educational materials that you would utilize in your program and the rationale for selecting them.

–Identify space allocation, equipment, supplies, etc. you need to make your program successful. How will they be obtained? How much will they cost?

–Identify possible funding sources for paying for your program and the rationale for selecting them.

3. Based on the program you have selected to develop, start thinking about a budget for your program. Submit a budget and a budget justification.

(Total Length: Minimum of 3 pages with a minimum of 3 references in proper APA format).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Public Health Program Planning & Evaluation

Childhood Obesity Intervention

Student name

Institution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract

Despite considerable research on obesity control programs in schools, it is not comprehensible how widely they are distributed. Obesity in children has been a significant challenge globally; furthermore, the problems that arise in childhood in most cases, persist to adulthood and are detrimental. Therefore interventions for prevention and cure of obesity are vital aspects of public health. Some of the measures involve habit change among all stakeholders, policy changes in education programs, and the surroundings.  The intervention program will actively be headed by individuals with expertise in public health and nutrition and is expected to address the need to prioritize proper diet and exercise. During the intervention, a multi-strategy approach will be employed to ensure all critical aspects required to bear fruits are captured to ensure that by December 2021, the number of obese children reduces remarkably.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There are several intervention programs carried out in the whole of the United States to combat obesity. However, it is not clear how much impact they have on the fight against obesity. Examples of such intervention programs that have been successful include;” Eat Well Play hard initiative” and the “5-2-1-0 obesity intervention program” from which we will borrow a leaf to make our intervention program better. In the 5-2-1-0 plan, the food is filtered, the time spent on watching is reduced, and instead, exercise is allocated more time. It is a program that emphasized self-discipline among individuals in terms of what activity is given more time, which types of food to be taken, and those to avoid altogether (Katz et al., 2008). The program was initiated in several states in the United States of America and deemed a success.  The significant aspects of the program borrowed in this particular intervention include; disciplined food selection, increased time for physical activities, and reduced idle time for watching; however, our intervention advocates explicitly for the practice of the mentioned activities among children with the help of parents and teachers.

Reducing overweight and obesity among children is singled out as one of the ten significant public health essential aspects to deal with. Among ten children in the US, two are obese, a situation that requires urgent attention. Weighing higher than your body can carry has in itself severe impacts on the individual from childhood to adolescence and adulthood. Children with obesity tend to become obese adults. Obesity is the primary cause of diabetes type 2 in children other than genetic factors associated with the condition (Messiah et al. 2013). Individuals with this condition also suffer several mental illnesses caused by low self-esteem and self-awareness of their body appearance. The study also shows that heart condition, high blood pressure, and other chronic terminal illnesses can be caused by preexisting obesity in an individual. Persons suffering from obesity also tend to die earlier than their parents when it persists to adulthood. It is visibly essential to employ all resources available within our reach to ensure obesity is no longer a problem for our children. All stakeholders, together with parents and the children, are lined to ensure the objectives of the program are achieved.

Most programs fail to be implemented due to significant financial challenges, lack of political goodwill, and lack of goodwill from the implementation committee; however, that is not the case with this intervention. Involving the people close to the children, teachers, parents, and other stakeholders in schools is the best shot for the intervention to be successful because children comprise 85 % of obese persons according to research (Messiah et al. 2012). Changing the eating habits of children in elementary schools and childcare will ensure young ones obtain the required calorie in proper amounts. In school, it is easy to control the type of meals the learners take and the correct time they take the food. Every elementary school will be required to offer a suitable diet to learners in enough portions that are needed for the public health board. Head of schools will also ensure any foods sold in school or brought from home for children consumption do not include sugary foods only but more fruits and vegetables. Mothers will be required to exclusively breastfeed their children for six months without giving other processed foods to their babies. The importance and effects of sugary foods will be taught in schools as part of standard lessons to empower the children from a young age on the role of taking specific types of food. Nutritionists will have school visits to talk to learners and teachers on the importance of choosing healthy eating and exercising.

Physical exercise is an essential way of controlling obesity, and so more school time will be allocated to exercise. Schools are encouraged to ensure that most afterschool activities done in school are physical. Lesson breaks should be increased to include more playtime for the learners amounting to the recommended two hours a day for every child (Katz et al. 2008). The education department is required to roll out an activity program for all schools in Miami, which will ensure all children receive enough physical exercise while in school. Most children are often driven to school or take school buses. Therefore it is recommended that parents allow them to walk or cycle to school. When they walk, they will be exercising, which is beneficial for them. On physical exercising, education stakeholders are encouraged to incorporate physical activities in the school co-curricular calendar.

Another primary objective is to ensure knowledge of the effects of obesity is disseminated to everyone in Miami. Therefore there will be posters all over the towns educating people on obesity effects and control. In conjunction with the health department, mobile clinics are set up to visit various schools and neighborhoods where people and children will receive prescriptions and advice on how not just to control but also cure it if they are already affected (Daniels et al., 2015). It is said that knowledge is power, and so if the right people have the information on control, effects, and prevention of obesity, implementation will be secure, and intervention will be successful.

In the social environment, everyone must care for their family and friend. Parents are encouraged to be keen on food intake and leisure time of their children (Messiah et al. 2012). When parents do the right thing, children will voluntarily do the right thing too, for example; it is believed obesity is genetic, but in most cases, it is just habits of parents that children take up and end up resembling them. If a family member, friend, or neighbor is obese, it is the responsibility of those close to them to ensure they get help before it becomes fatal.

There are several methods to beat obesity, including treatment. An individual could decide to focus on the use of drugs or exercise to deal with excess heaviness, but when it comes to children, they may not know what is right for them. School is a vital aspect in a child’s life; more so, the parents with obese children should be aware of the potential menace awaiting their young ones and step-up their parenting. A considerable percentage of who an individual becomes is attributed to the school they attended. What they learned, therefore, schools are the best tools to produce long-term effects on the long-sought solution for obesity. There is an inconsistency between how the challenge of overweight children is handed out as scary and the unpretentious course of action given. The multi-strategy intervention that is primarily centered on elementary school and the children is the best approach to beat obesity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Messiah, S. E., Lipshultz, S. E., Natale, R. A., & Miller, T. L. (2013). The imperative to prevent and treat childhood obesity: why the world cannot afford to wait. Clinical obesity, 3(6), 163-171.

Messiah, S. E., Arheart, K. L., Natale, R. A., Hlaing, W. M., Lipshultz, S. E., & Miller, T. L. (2012). BMI, Waist Circumference, and Selected Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Preschool‐Age Children. Obesity, 20(9), 1942-1949.

Daniels, L. A., Mallan, K. M., Nicholson, J. M., Thorpe, K., Nambiar, S., Mauch, C. E., & Magarey, A. (2015). An early feeding practices intervention for obesity prevention. Pediatrics, 136(1), e40-e49

Vallgårda, S. (2018). Childhood obesity policies–mighty concerns, meek reactions. Obesity Reviews, 19(3), 295-301.

Katz 2008*- Katz D, O’Connell M, Njike V, Yeh M-C, Nawaz H. Strategies for the prevention

and control of obesity in the school setting: Systematic review and meta-analysis. International

Journal of Obesity. 2008;32(12):1780-9.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Public Health Program Planning & Evaluation

Obesity Prevention Program

Student name

Institution

 

 

Obesity Prevention Program: Goal, Process, Impact, Mission, and Objectives

Obesity is a condition in which people gain more weight than what their bodies can carry, leading to an increase in the body mass index. There is good coverage for health and human services providers in Miami, Florida. There are several healthcare facilities across the city. This implies that the city’s main problem is not lack of facilities but ignorance among members of the community. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), 17% of the obese population in the US is children (CDC, 2012). In the past few years, childhood obesity has dramatically increased. The increasing prevalence of obesity results in childhood disorders, including type 2 diabetes (Han, Lawlor, & Kimm, 2010). The severity of obesity is a result of intricate genes interactions, physical activity, environment, and dietary intake (Biro & Wien, 2010). The goal constructed is focused on reducing the percentage of obese children and creating awareness in schools.

Goal: Prevent obesity during childhood through elementary schools and early childcare systems. The goal is focused on improving or changing the eating and exercise behavior as well as increasing knowledge and impacting the social environment.

  1. Process

Due to the ongoing pandemic, the program will take effect at the end or the start of next year. The program aims at increasing coverage to about ten schools and ten childcare across Miami.

  1. Impact on Knowledge
  2. Awareness: The program will increase awareness, and after the first three visits per school, 80% of the children and teachers will be aware of all the causes and effects of obesity. They will also be well educated on the health disorders that obese people are at risk of.
  3. Attitude: Secondly, the program will change the perspective of both teachers and children, and at least 75% of them will assume consistent physical exercise routine and healthy diets.
  4. Skill Development: In terms of skill development, the program will ensure that children are aware of what comprises a healthy plate. They will be able to make daily choices or come up with a weekly food template.
  • Impact on the Environment

The program will create a community environment that supports and promotes healthy beverage and food choices and exercise. Generally, the program will motivate investment in community-based programs that support higher levels of physical activities and healthy nutrition. More affordable healthy foods will also be made available in the local grocery stores(New York State Prevention Agenda, 2016). Elementary schools and childcare will develop policies that discourage overconsumption of sugary beverages by making clean water readily available in schools. In collaboration with the community, schools will open joint public fields for safe exercise and implement policies that facilitate increased activity for all children.

iv.                Impact on Behavior

The goal of the program focuses on changing the behavior of children in early childcare and elementary schools.

a.      Early Child Care

At the end of the program, early childcare systems will implement policies and regulations that promote quality nutrition, breastfeeding, relegated screen time in the systems, and increased physical exercise.

b.      Schools

At the end of the program, all schools should increase hours during school days to ensure that children have enough time to exercise and eat healthy lunch and snacks. Breaks should also be long to allow students to engage in physical exercise. The program will, where possible, encourage schools to establish regulation on the nutritional standards of all the drinks and foods sold in the school(Frongillo et al., 2017). Many schools will also ensure that they meet the regulations set forth by the NYS Education Department in section 135.4, “Physical Education. Interventions include opportunities to increase physical activity before, during, and after school, such as active recess and encouraging school transportation policies that support walking and bicycling to school”(New York State Prevention Agenda, 2016). Schools will also support the implementation, enforcement, and monitoring of the regulations.

Mission Statement

Better plans for Better health: Reducing obesity in Early Child Care facilities and Elementary schools by promoting healthy diets and physical exercise.

Objectives

Objective 1: By December 2021, increase the number of early childcare and elementary schools whose food regulation policies meet and exceed the nutritional requirements.

Objective 2: By December 2021, increase the number of elementary schools whose exercise regulation policies meet the NYS requirements (120 minutes of quality physical activity every week).

Objective 3: By December 2021, increase the number of childcare facilities that promote breastfeeding and healthy baby food.

 

 

References

 

Biro, F. M., & Wien, M. (2010). Childhood obesity and adult morbidities. The American journal of clinical nutrition91(5), 1499S-1505S.

Frongillo, E. A., Fawcett, S. B., Ritchie, L. D., Arteaga, S. S., Loria, C. M., Pate, R. R., … & Schultz, J. A. (2017). Community policies and programs to prevent obesity and child adiposity. American journal of preventive medicine53(5), 576-583.

Han, J. C., Lawlor, D. A., & Kimm, S. Y. (2010). Childhood obesity. The Lancet375(9727), 1737-1748.

National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (2012). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease

New York State Prevention Agenda – Prevention Agenda 2013-2018 – Preventing Chronic Diseases Action Plan – Focus Area 1: Reduce Obesity in Children and Adults – Defining the Problem. Health.ny.gov. (2016). Retrieved 24 May 2020, from https://www.health.ny.gov/prevention/prevention_agenda/20132017/plan/chronic_diseases/focus_area_1.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Public Health Program Planning & Evaluation

Windshield survey: North Miami city, Florida

Student name

Institution

05/12/2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract

Communities comprise of a group of people who share something. The connection, attitudes and way of life of the residents of North Miami city is worth assessing. The paper observes how these people live, work, interact and enjoy services such as education, protection, economy, legal and health matters. Through observation, one can tell strengths and weaknesses of the community. In the following sections, I will explore community boundaries, ethnic composition, housing, environment, recreation, health and social services, economic, security and religious events. Education and health coverage suit the Healthy People 2020 goals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Section 1

Windshield survey questionnaire

  • Are the community boundaries political, economic, or geographical?
  • What are the population, ethnicity, and poverty level of the people?
  • What type of housing manifested this area?
  • Is the community living in a polluted environment?
  • Are there recreational facilities and open spaces?
  • Which is the mode of transportation familiar with people?
  • Is the area served with health and social services?
  • Are there economic activities and industries supporting the community?
  • Does the community enjoy protection? Are there protective services?
  • Are schools and religious institutions around the area?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Section 2

Summarization of Windshield survey: North Miami city, Florida

The Windshield Survey in North Miami city located in Miami-Dade County was carried out on Thursday, May 12th, 2020, from 10.00 am to 2.00 pm. The weather condition was chilly, with a cloudy sky with temperatures above 76 degrees Fahrenheit. North Miami municipality is a community with a population of 60,000 inhabitants (United States Census Bureau, 2020). The windshield survey extended from Biscayne Bay through Biscayne Bay campus to the Johnson and Wales University. In the Biscayne Boulevard, there is a good sign of welcoming visitors to this community. North Miami municipal comprise 32.6% of the population as Caucasians, including white Hispanics, 12.4% non-Hispanics white, 58.9% African Americans, 27.1% Latinos, Natives, Pacific Islander, Asian, and other races comprise of the remaining percentage. A drive-through could hear people speaking English, French, Spanish, and French Creole as their mother tongue (United States Census Bureau, 2020). The number of Haiti nationals met on the survey is many where this golden race color North Miami, Florida. It is one of the areas in the country with majority-minority races, as cited by (Census Data, 2020).

Some members of the communities live in abject poverty. In the North Miami area, the poverty rate is at 22.7%, with a median household income amounting to $39,723 (North Miami, 2020). Over 77% of the people are not vulnerable, although their income ranges from low-to-moderate as seen in the statistics and housing in the area. In this area, housing range from apartment complexes to single rooms. There are a few abandoned homes. Few numbers of houses have for sale signs attached to the gates. The number of modern homes and newly renovated shelters are many denoting an increase in property in the community. Most of the structures seem permanent. The city is living in a clean environment. A clean environment can be deduced from the litter-free sidewalks and streets. In my drive through the streets, there is negligible debris to warrant polluted surroundings. Renovations and modern housing have removed decays and lousy state of the neighbourhood. Drawings and graffiti are evident in some homes. Solid waste management by the Department of Public Services renders North Miami clean (Miami, 2020). In a closer look at the City of North Miami Beach, it is precise that the South Florida Water Management District oversees water and waste management.

The community living in North Miami enjoy an abundance of recreational facilities, including parks, sporting areas, and open spaces. A drive through the municipality allows one to observe basketball courts, Martin Luther King Junior Park, and Oak Grove Park. All of the parks have lighting solutions for safety measures. Bushes and trees characterize the sides of paths and sidewalks in the community. Recreation comes with a refreshment and good unpolluted air circulation. As one of the sixth-largest city in Miami, North Miami takes good care of its population. A drive through busy streets and highways, there are many bus stops signs. Most of the residents in this community have personal cars, motorcycles, and other personal mobility vehicles. It is worth mentioning that the principal mode of transportation is through cars. For example, there are at least two vehicles safe for the poor in the driveways of most homesneighbourhood. The sparse population eliminates the idea of congestion and overcrowding in this community (Census Data, 2020). In the use of highways, North Miami is served with major roads leading to other cities in Miami and Florida, such as Interstate 95 and Florida’s Turnpike.

The funny thing with this community is dressing to impress and, at times, casually. Everyone is in a hurry to catch-up with their errands leaving visitors worried about the art of minding individual business. As covered in the ethnicity and population, blacks are all over the place (United States Census Bureau, 2020). I was lucky to meet a few natives, Golden race and the Asian, on my way to Biscayne Bay campus. There is good coverage for health and human services providers in this community. A drive through the city, there are healthcare clinics and hospitals like Jackson North Medical Center, Miami Beach Community Health Center, Liberty Health Sciences, and North Miami Health Center North. Public and private healthcare agencies serve the interest of this community (Free clinic directory, 2020).  All acute, chronic, infectious, and pre-existing conditions are managed in these facilities. Vaccinations, immunization, HIV/AIDS awareness, cancer, and obesity health education ranks high. There are COVID-19 signs and education pamphlets in these clinics. Despite the presence of hospitals, there are law offices in the community. The community receives legal advice and matters from these law offices.

Industries and economic activities employ and provide the locals with jobs. One of the financial events is pawn shops and Alman Accounting and Tax services. Mechanic shops rank in a series across the street. Groceries, eateries, and hotels offer services to residents and travellers. Banking, finance, and transportation are also good employers in North Miami. Shopping bazaars, fast food restaurants, fashion centers, convenience, and fresh markets are dominant. Available employers offer salaried or waged opportunities for Miami residents. As the municipality, the community enjoys protective services. In a drive-through, there is a police department, fire rescue service, and department of public services. Proximity to these social service providers contributes to the security and safety of the residents. In terms of education, the community enjoys public and charters schools, colleges, and universities for their kids. Some of the observed schools are Beth Jacob High School, Sheck Hillel Community School, North Miami Elementary School, and Montessori School of North Miami (North Miami Schools, 2020). Florida International University and Johnsons and Wales campuses are visible while driving through the community.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Census Data. (2020). State population by race, ethnicity. https://www.governing.com/gov-data/census/state-minority-population-data-estimates.html

Free clinic directory. (2020). Miami Beach Community Health  Center- North-Miami Community Health Center. https://freeclinicdirectory.org/detail/miami_beach_community_health_center_north9_miami_fl.html

Miami (2020). Miami-Dade County Human Services Department (DHS). http://www.miamidadematters.org/resourcelibrary/index/view?id=51849717961721913

North Miami (2020). About North Miami. https://datausa.io/profile/geo/north-miami-fl

North Miami Schools (2020). Best North Miami Beach Schools. https://www.greatschools.org/florida/north-miami-beach/

United States Census Bureau (2020). North Miami City, Florida. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/northmiamicityflorida

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Public Health Program Planning & Evaluation

Obesity in the U.S

Student name

Institution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Public Health Program Planning & Evaluation

There is a need to promote programs that can help chronic conditions in a society for the sake of the health of the people. The department of health needs to focus on enhancing the health of individuals since improving the health of people makes the country to achieve most of its goals. People can apply various scientific theories to participate in programs that can help to improve their health. However, changing the notions of different people and bringing them into one focus might not be secure. Therefore, the steps to change their opinions concerning a particular disease may take longer than expected. My health promotion program will be “better plans for better health” and will engage residents of Miami, Florida. However, as mentioned earlier, the new program will first target dealing with the challenges that might affect the implementation. Perfect steps in the program will make the program to be successful without having to struggle. Lastly, it is significant to consider the cons and pros of the new health promotion program.

The topic of concern for my program is obesity. Obesity is a condition in which people gain more weight than what their bodies can carry, leading to an increase in the body mass index. Obese people might fail to take part in most of the activities because of their extreme weight and other health problems that accompany the condition. Several factors lead to a person being obese, ranging from lifestyle to medication. Medications such as the use of emotional medicines predispose individuals to weight gain without most of them being aware.

Additionally, stress also plays a leading role in causing obesity, especially in adults. The body of a stressed person might fail to deal with the cholesterol and other calories since there might be hormonal imbalances in the body. Additionally, a person under stress might deliberately ignore the steps that they need to follow in managing their body weight. Cases of obesity have been increasing in recent years, with 33% be adults, and 17% being children in the United States of America (CDC, 2012). Thus, there is a significant requirement for the intervention of the issue of obesity amongst the population in the country.

Some of the factors that lead to obesity are controllable, while others are difficult to control. Obesity can result from factors of genetics where a person can inherit the traits from the parents. Genetic factors might not be controlled by the efforts of the health promotion program because of its biological concern. Socioeconomic factors appear hard to control because children cannot choose the family in which to be born. Some families have an environment in which a person cannot have enough time to have physical activities that can reduce the possibility of getting obese. In some cases, the death of a person in the family is a reason for stress to some people in the family, leading to weight gain (McKenzie et al., 2017). Such occurrences might be uncontrollable since it is not easy to control death when it occurs. As mentioned earlier, depressed people cannot have the motivation to take part in activities that could help them to reduce weight or avoid additional weight.

Apart from the uncontrollable causative factors, other causes are manageable. For instance, it is easier for a person to train himself or herself to avoid the nutritional patterns of the family in which they live. In most cases, such measures are for adults who understand the type of food that can lead to an increase in weight, reduction of weight, and those that help individuals to maintain their body weight. Most family members tend to have the same eating habits and nutritional plans, which can change if there will be individual initiatives. A sedentary lifestyle makes the body of an individual to fail in the burning of calories. The body needs to be active through working, walking, and moving from one place to another to increase its metabolic activities (World Health Organization, n.d.). Additionally, the families need to check their eating workouts to ensure that they avoid foods that are rich in starch, fats, and oil since such meals increase the bodyweight. Such programs and behaviors need to be consistent for them to be effective in dealing with obesity.

According to the dangers of obesity, it is significant to create awareness about obesity in the communities. The knowledge will ensure that individuals acquire information that can help them understand the dangers of the condition. Giving guidance to the parents in a family will help to teach the children about obesity. The parents can easily control the eating behavior of the whole family since they are leaders in the family. Additionally, most mothers control the food that the family members take every day. Therefore, the program will help the community to deal with the disease as most people will pass the information to each other within the community. Summarily, it is the responsibility of every individual to deal with obesity, considering that the condition is of national concern.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

McKenzie, J.F., Neiger, B., and Thackeray, R. (2017). Planning, Implementing, and Evaluating Health Promotion Programs: A Primer (7th ed.). San Francisco, CA:  Pearson Benjamin Cummings

National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (2012). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease

World Health Organization. (n.d.). About WHO. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/about/mission/en/

 

 

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