Directions: Write an argument essay in which you argue your position on an issue/debate/or current event. Remember, your essay must contain a thesis that makes an argument: What is the issue/debate/or current event, what is your opinion about it and why? To support your thesis, you will use examples and details and four reliable sources: one primary, two scholarly (at least one of which must be from an academic journal), and one reliable source of the writer’s choosing. The primary source may include an article from a newspaper in the database or a reliable website. See Argument essay notes, which explain how to use and find sources and contain all passwords needed to access the research databases from off campus. Your essay must be written for an academic audience. Refrain from using first and second person (examples: I, we, us, our, me, my, you or your), idioms, contractions, slang, conversational tone, etc. You must use proper MLA formatting and citation, including a works cited page. Essays must be typed in a 12pt normal font such as Times New Roman and be double-spaced. Your essay should be about 5 pages or 1,250 words.
25 May 2020
Plastic Should Be Banned
As we all know, plastic is strong, durable, and flexible. A plastic bottle can last for 450 years in the ocean and slowly starts to disintegrate into smaller microscopic pieces, which means plastic never goes away. Plastic causes harm to every species of animals, though mainly marine life, and can also even be deadly to some animals as they can be mistaken for food or they can become tangled up in it. It could be on the sea, beaches, forest, or streets, causing harm for humans and animals. We are in a time where we are using plastic more than ever. There are current studies showing that 8 million pieces of plastic are entering the ocean every day, this is as equal as one garbage truck unloading plastic into the ocean every minute. This plastic is coming into the ocean in many ways. It can be straight from land based sources or it could be left behind plastic on a bench or on the streets that get washed down to the rivers and drains. It can also come from factories/companies spills, poorly managed recycling, and bins near the coast that can be washed down into the ocean. It can also be fishermen leaving gear behind or littering. National geographic studies have shown that there are 5.25 trillion micro pieces of plastic in our ocean (Parker). This heavily impacts the environmental pollution in the world. Plastic is biodegradable, meaning it cour environment.
There have been various images shared as examples of how plastic harms marine life. There was a whale found suffering and near death off the coast of Norway. After doing everything possible to save its life, it was put down and an autopsy was done, revealing that there were 30 plastic bags in its stomach and intestines causing obstruction. Also an elephant seal was spotted at PiedrasBlancas rookery on the central coast with a green packing strap wrapped tightly around his neck. There has been an estimate that every 1 out of 3 fish for human consumption have consumed plastic (Smithers). These chemicals are absorbed by fish which not only harms the marine species but also humans. Humans are ingesting fish that have absorbed chemicals from plastic. Plastic can affect us without us ingesting fish as well.
As humans,the beach is one of the places we like to go to connect with nature and feel free. It is not the same as seeing the beach covered with plastic. Coastal tourism employs almost 6.7 million people, generates over $175 billion in earnings, and contributes $366 billion to the ` gross domestic product (“Office for Coastal Management”). When beaches are filled with litter and garbage, the people, who rely on the beaches as their main source of income, lose tourists… which results in a loss of money. Health problems associated with plastics “include numerous forms of cancers, diabetes, several organ malfunctions, impact on eyes, skin and other sensory organs, birth defects” (Azoulay,). This can not only affect humans individually but it can also have a global effect.
Plastic is contributing to climate change. Plastic pollution is not an issue marine life and humans are facing alone as it is also affecting climate. We understand plastic has become a necessity to our daily life, as they can be great for packaging food and essential items. “Yale Climate Connection” stated that:
“Oil, gas, and coal are the fossil-fuel building blocks of plastics. Natural gas and oil can
be extracted from the earth through fracking. Companies drill wells into the ground until
they hit a rock layer, then they turn 90 degrees and drill horizontally. Injecting sand,
chemicals, or water breaks up the rock to release gas and oil, which are transported to
other facilities via pipelines, trains, and trucks. This means that over 12 million metric
ton of carbon dioxide are emitted into the atmosphere while the extraction and
transportation of these natural gasses to produce plastic” (Bauman).
The earth is composed of natural gases which helps regulate temperature. Too much of these gases can cause the earth atmosphere to trap too much heat, causing rising temperature changes. Banning plastic is one way to help with pollution; however, there are also several other ways we can help decline plastic use by replacing plastic with other materials.
According to “The Best Eco-Friendly Alternatives for the Plastic in Your Life”, some alternative solutions for this problem are stainless steel, it is easy to wash and can be used to store food and liquids; platinum silicone, it is flexible and durable and it does not denature; bamboo, it can be used for plastic items like straws and it’s also compostable (Bissett). This is how we can break this habit of plastic pollution. You should start slow and challenge yourself as you go. Start by replacing plastic beverages and using glass or stainless steel. You could also start bringing your own reusable bag to the grocery store to reduce plastic bags. It is hard for us to organize plastic pollution events, become a leader and start cleaning up the beaches, support organizations that are against pollution, or even get politically active because the government has little information about ocean pollution. Even though a change in laws may help stop the pollution in our ocean, we still need to educate ourselves and be more mindful about this problem.
Even though banning plastic may save a couple lives, banning plastic may also have a negative effect.
It is important for the reader to understand that the banning of plastic is important to not only stop the pollution of water and oceans but also on land. Most of the plastic is made up of polypropylene, which is a material that creates greenhouse gases which contributes to global warming. Plastic is also expensive to clean and hard to remove from their environment. Plastic bags have only impacted the environment in a negative way, making the great pacific garbage patch (a 1.6 million square kilometer vortex of garbage, located in the north-central pacific ocean) bigger every day. Even though there can be another solution to stop this type of pollution, it will be putting the solution in the hands of uniform people. It is important for the reader to understand this problem so that they can be more disciplined in proper waste management. If we come to recognize that this issue starts individually, one person alone can make lifestyle changes to stop this plastic pollution. Surprisingly, there is no information on the government website about plastic pollution in the ocean, meaning that they are afraid to face the problem and it is a costly problem. If this problem continues, we could potentially wipe out the ocean life and harm our own lives as well.
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