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23 May 2020­­—Week Three

 

How are Electronic Medical Records (EMR) changing Health Care?

 

Bumpusm M. (2015). The electronic health record, do the pros outweigh the cons?

(ProQuest Dissertations Publishing).  Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1735392370

 

Markerta M. Bumpus served on the Danika Brinda Final Applied Committee located in Duluth, Minnesota back in 2015.  She has a Master’of Science in Health Information Management, the college of St. Scholastica Duluth, Minnesota.  Whiling serving on the committee as a Final Applied Project Advisor, Bumpus wrote an Essay” Titled, “The electronic health record, do the pros outweigh the cons”?  This essay captured my attention immediately because my research paper is asking the same question, how are EMRs changing health care? Despite Bumpus’s findings on the pros of EMRs proving that health care is now less expensive, more efficient, and the quality patient care greatly improving, many clinicians find the use of EMRs in their clinics fails to address meaningful use of (MU) criteria such as focusing on the whole person rather than focusing on disease, ignoring how the environment and one’s occupation can influence one’s health and failing to recognize family structure and personal behaviors. “Clinicianshave found that the cons of using EMR in theirclinics can greatly outweigh the pros.” (page. 1)

  1. A. Ludwick and German Doucette are medical researchers from New York, USA. They are both primary care physicians and their practice isat the college of Family Physicians of Canada located in Canada. Their study discusses the lessons that are learned from using electronic medical records. Their interest lies in the outcome of this phenomenon rather than the pros outweighing the cons.  In their discussion,they say that forms ofrestoring and retrieving medical records has become inevitable.Technology researchers that focus on the use of technology in the medical field reveals the history of the use of computerized medical systems from the 1960s until 2005.  Their research was done on medical websites and focused on two time periods. The 1960s-1980sandthe 1980s-2005.According to them electronicmedical records have amore accurate outcome than humans. They then conclude by saying that the use of EMRs is bound to get better as technology keeps improving and that in the future, it is likely even to make it much simpler. Their study relied on the comprehensive literature review of 9 medical college websites, 27 journal websites, and 22 government websites. They say that “Adaption of electronic medical records is a method of reducing the gap between supply and demand in healthcare.” (page. 1)

Eta s. Berner, Don E. Detmer, and Donald Simborg are renowned Information Technology researchers that focus on the use of technology in the medical field. Their focus is on the “Big data world:  Validating Veterans Affairs”. The article reveals the history of the use of computerized medical systems from the 1960s until 2005.  Their research was done on medical websites and focused on two time periods. It was between the 1960s-1980s and from 1980s-2005. In their discussion, they state that during the introduction of computerized systems, many challenges were facing the medical field.  They say that the practitioners were hesitant during the introduction because they thought it would be cumbersome. They then conclude that the perception of the use of technology and computer in the medical field has changed a lot since its onset. It is because, despite computers posing a threat to jobs in the medical field, they have made work much easier. (page 1).

Other peer view journalists known as David W. Bates, Mark Ebell, EdwardGotlieb, andJohn Mullins are all Journalists of the American Medical Informatics Association.  Their study gives insights into the consequences of using electronic medical records in healthcare as oppose to the renowned Information Technology researches that focuses on EMRs being a treat to jobs in the medical field. They argue that countries that use electronic medical records have a higher rate of customer satisfaction than those that do not. They further state that only a few medical practitioners use electronic medical records even though they were introduced a while back. They believe that the use of electronic medical records by all medical institutions will help save resources such as time and space despite the drawbacks that come with its use. It is because electronic medical records give fast access to information and do not need physical space to store the records. They did their study by visiting various medical institutions that used electronic records and observed their effects on medical service., (page 1).

G.Makoul, R. H. Curry, and P. C. Tang are medical researchers from Philadelphia, USA. They also work for the Journalists of the American Medical Informatics Association.  They wrote an article on, “the use of electronic medical records:  communication patterns on outpatient encounters”. They highlight that there is a crucial need for fast and efficient services in outpatient settings. They also argue that electronic medical records are the catalyst required for this achievement. They conclude by stating that caution should be observed to reduce the barriers that exist in the use of electronic medical records. It is because some patients and healthcare workers are still resistant to the adaptation of technology, mostly regarding their safety. They analyzed videotaped patient-physician encounters. They say, “EMR systems enhance physicians’ abilities to finish information-intensive tasks but make it difficult for them to focus on other aspects like patient communication.” (page. 1).

My last group of researchersare Michael Weiner, Christopher M. Callahan, and Clement J. McDonald are medical researchers from New York USA as well.  This article is peer reviewed.  Their studies are using information technologyto improve the health care of older adults.  I am particularly interested in their approach on electronic medical records possible improving the health care for seniors.  I work with seniors and they have many difficulties understanding the use of technology.Their research highlights how electronic medical records have improved the various aspects of the medical industry. They state that the number of patients attended has increased steadily. It is because it has become simpler to access patient medical history. They also discuss the way electronic medical records have had a direct effect on other aspects of healthcare. They achieve their study by conducting a cross-sectional analysis of data from various medical institutions. It relates to my research because it highlights both the positive and negative attributes attached to theuse of electronic medical records. They say, “electronic medical records have simplified work in the medical field because of the easy ways of accessing patient medical history.” (page. 1).

 

 

 

 

 

References

Ludwick, D. A., & Doucette, J. (2009). Adopting electronic medical records in primary care:

lessons learned from health information systems implementation experience in seven countries. International journal of medical informatics78(1), 22-31.

Berner, E. S., Detmer, D. E., & Simborg, D. (2005). Will the wave finally break? A brief view of

the adoption of electronic medical records in the United States. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association12(1), 3-7.

Bates, D. W., Ebell, M., Gotlieb, E., Zapp, J., & Mullins, H. C. (2003). A proposal for electronic

medical records in US primary care. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association10(1), 1-10.

Makoul, G., Curry, R. H., & Tang, P. C. (2001). The use of electronic medical records:

communication patterns in outpatient encounters. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association8(6), 610-615.

Weiner, M., Stump, T. E., Callahan, C. M., Lewis, J. N., & McDonald, C. J. (2005). Pursuing

integration of performance measures into electronic medical records: beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist medications. BMJ Quality & Safety14(2), 99-106.

 

 

 

 

 

IRL260 Academic Literacy Information

Library Research Report

16May 2020

 

 

How are Electronic Medical Records (EMR) changing Health Care?

Bumpusm M. (2015). The electronic health record, do the pros outweigh the cons?

(ProQuest Dissertations Publishing).  Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1735392370

 

Bumpusserved on the Danika Brinda Final Applied Committee located in Duluth, Minnesota back in 2015.  She has a Master’ of Science in Health Information Management, the college of St. Scholastica Duluth, Minnesota.  Whiling serving on the committee as a Final Applied Project Advisor, Bumpuswrote an Essay”, “The electronic health record, do the pros outweigh the cons”?  This essay captured my attention immediately because my research paper is asking the same question, how are EMRs changing health care? Despite Bumpus’sfindings on the pros of EMRs proving that health care is now less expensive, more efficient, and the quality patient care greatly improving, many clinicians find the use of EMRs in their clinics fails to address meaningful use of (MU) criteria such as focusing on the whole person rather than focusing on disease, ignoring how the environment and one’s occupation can influence one’s health and failing to recognize family structure and personal behaviors. “Clinicianshave found that the cons of using EMR in theirclinics can greatly outweigh the pros.” (para1)

Ludwick and Doucette are medical researchers from New York, USA. Their study discusses the lessons that are learned from using electronic medical records.  In their discussion,they sat that forms ofrestoring and retrieving medical records has become inevitable.  Most medical institutions throughout the world have adopted this newsystem.Also, they say that electronic medical records have had an impact in both negative and positive ways.  However, the positive use of electronic medical records outweighs the negative, according to them.   Technology researchers that focus on the use of technology in the medical field reveals the history of the use of computerized medical systems from the 1960s until 2005.  Their research was done on medical websites and focused on two time periods. It was between the 1960s-1980s andalso from 1980s-2005. In their discussion, they state that during the introduction of computerized systems, many challenges were facing the medical field. It was particularly by medical practitioners.   It is because electronic records are more accurate than humans. They then conclude by saying that the use of electronic records is bound to get better as technology keeps improving and that in the future, it is likely even to make it much simpler. Their study relied on the comprehensive literature review of 9 medical college websites, 27 journal websites, and 22 government websites. From this database, 46 articles met their criteria. My research found that there are various advantages and disadvantages associated with the use of medical records, which relates directly to their research. They say that “Adaption of electronic medical records is a method of reducing the gap between supply and demand in healthcare.” (Ludwick & Doucette, 2009)

Berner, Detmer, and Simborg are renowned Information Technology researchers that focus on the use of technology in the medical field. Their research reveals the history of the use of computerized medical systems from the 1960s until 2005.  Their research was done on medical websites and focused on two time periods. It was between the 1960s-1980s and from 1980s-2005. In their discussion, they state that during the introduction of computerized systems, many challenges were facing the medical field. It was particularly by medical practitioners.  They say that the practitioners were hesitant during the introduction because they thought it would be cumbersome. They then conclude that the perception of the use of technology and computer in the medical field has changed a lot since its onset. It is because, despite computers posing a threat to jobs in the medical field, they have made work much easier. Their research relates to mine because it focuses on electronic medical records. They also discuss the benefits and disadvantages that have been experienced since the 1960s until 2005.neglected.” (Berner,Detmer&Simborg, 2005).

Bates, Ebell, Gotlieb, and Mullins are medical researchers from New Jersey, USA. Their study gives insights into the consequences of using electronic medical records in healthcare. They argue that countries that use electronic medical records have a higher rate of customer satisfaction than those that do not. They further state that only a few medical practitioners use electronic medical records even though they were introduced a while back. They believe that the use of electronic medical records by all medical institutions will help save resources such as time and space despite the drawbacks that come with its use. It is because electronic medical records give fast access to information and do not need physical space to store the records. They did their study by visiting various medical institutions that used electronic records and observed their effects on medical service., (Bates et al, 2005).

Makoul, Curry, and Tang are medical researchers from Philadelphia, USA. Their research was based on communication patterns that exist through electronic medical records in an outpatient setting. They highlight that there is a crucial need for fast and efficient services in outpatient settings. They argue that electronic medical records are the catalyst required for this achievement. They conclude by stating that caution should be observed to reduce the barriers that exist in the use of electronic medical records. It is because some patients and healthcare workers are still resistant to the adaptation of technology, mostly in regard to their safety. They analyzed videotaped patient-physician encounters.  Their study relates to my research because they both focus on the advantages and disadvantages of using electronic medical records. They say, “EMR systems enhance physicians’ abilities to finish information-intensive tasks but make it difficult for them to focus on other aspects like patient communication.” (Makoul, Curry & Tang, 2001).

Weiner, Stump, Callahan, and McDonald are medical researchers from New York USA. Their research highlights how electronic medical records have improved the various aspects of the medical industry. They state that the number of patients attended has increased steadily. It is because it has become simpler to access patient medical history. They also discuss the way electronic medical records have had a direct effect on other aspects of healthcare. They achieve their study by conducting a cross-sectional analysis of data from various medical institutions. It relates to my research because both highlight the positive and negative attributes attached to the

 

use of electronic medical records. They say, “Electronic medical records have simplified work in the medical field because of the easy of accessing patient medical history.” (Weiner et al., 2005).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Ludwick, D. A., & Doucette, J. (2009). Adopting electronic medical records in primary care:

lessons learned from health information systems implementation experience in seven countries. International journal of medical informatics78(1), 22-31.

Berner, E. S., Detmer, D. E., &Simborg, D. (2005). Will the wave finally break? A brief view of

the adoption of electronic medical records in the United States. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association12(1), 3-7.

Bates, D. W., Ebell, M., Gotlieb, E., Zapp, J., & Mullins, H. C. (2003). A proposal for electronic

medical records in US primary care. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association10(1), 1-10.

Makoul, G., Curry, R. H., & Tang, P. C. (2001). The use of electronic medical records:

communication patterns in outpatient encounters. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association8(6), 610-615.

Weiner, M., Stump, T. E., Callahan, C. M., Lewis, J. N., & McDonald, C. J. (2005). Pursuing

integration of performance measures into electronic medical records: beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist medications. BMJ Quality & Safety14(2), 99-106.

 

 

 

 

 

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